Papua New Guinea Double Tax Agreement: What You Need to Know

If you’re a business owner or an investor who is looking to expand your operations in Papua New Guinea, understanding the country’s double tax agreement is essential. Papua New Guinea is known for its abundant natural resources, including gold, copper, and timber, making it an attractive destination for foreign investors.

To avoid double taxation, Papua New Guinea has entered into double tax agreements (DTAs) with various countries. These agreements set out the rules for determining which country has the right to tax different types of income, such as profits, dividends, and royalties.

What is a Double Tax Agreement?

A double tax agreement is a treaty between two countries that aims to avoid double taxation of the same income in both countries. It also provides certainty and clarity to investors and businesses on how their income will be taxed in both countries. DTAs help to reduce the tax burden on businesses and encourage cross-border investment by providing tax incentives and eliminating double taxation.

Papua New Guinea has signed DTAs with various countries, including Australia, China, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, and the United Kingdom. These agreements set out the rules for determining which country has the right to tax different types of income earned by individuals and businesses.

Papua New Guinea’s Double Tax Agreement with Australia

The double tax agreement between Papua New Guinea and Australia aims to eliminate double taxation for individuals and businesses that engage in cross-border operations. The agreement covers various types of income, including dividends, interest, royalties, and capital gains.

Under the agreement, Papua New Guinea has the primary right to tax royalties and business profits earned by Australian companies in Papua New Guinea. Still, Australia has the right to tax other types of income, including personal services income, pensions, and annuities.

The agreement also provides for a reduced withholding tax rate for dividends, interest, and royalties paid by one country to investors or businesses in the other country.

Benefits of Papua New Guinea’s Double Tax Agreement

The double tax agreements signed by Papua New Guinea offer several benefits to investors and businesses. These include:

– Reduced tax burden: DTAs eliminate double taxation, which results in a lower tax burden for investors and businesses.

– Certainty and clarity: DTAs provide clarity on how income will be taxed in both countries, providing certainty to investors and businesses.

– Tax incentives: DTAs often include tax incentives, such as tax credits, reduced withholding tax rates, and tax exemptions, to encourage cross-border investment.

– Promotes economic development: By providing a favorable tax environment for investors and businesses, DTAs help promote economic development in Papua New Guinea.


Papua New Guinea’s double tax agreements provide an essential framework for cross-border investment and trade. These agreements eliminate double taxation, provide certainty and clarity on how income will be taxed, offer tax incentives, and promote economic development.

If you’re planning to invest in Papua New Guinea or engage in cross-border operations, understanding the country’s double tax agreements is essential. Working with a tax advisor with experience in international tax matters can help ensure compliance with the DTA’s provisions and optimize your tax position.