Free Trade Agreement Peru: A Comprehensive Guide

In today`s interconnected world, international trade has become an integral part of the global economy. The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the United States and Peru is one such example of a strategic partnership designed to promote economic growth and strengthen ties between the two nations. This article explores the key aspects of the Peru-US FTA, its impact on trade relations, and its benefits for both countries.

Overview of the Peru-US FTA

The Peru-US FTA is a bilateral trade agreement signed in December 2007, which came into effect on February 1, 2009. It aims to eliminate trade barriers and promote commerce between the two nations by reducing tariffs and other barriers to trade. The agreement covers a wide range of areas, including goods, services, investment, and intellectual property rights. Additionally, the Peru-US FTA includes provisions for labor and environmental protection.

Impact on Trade Relations

Since the implementation of the Peru-US FTA, trade between the two nations has increased significantly. According to the United States Trade Representative, the agreement has resulted in a 71% increase in US goods exports to Peru and a 51% increase in Peruvian goods exports to the United States. The FTA has also created new opportunities for businesses in both countries, particularly in industries such as agriculture, textiles, and manufacturing.

Benefits for Both Countries

The Peru-US FTA has numerous benefits for both countries. For Peru, the agreement has provided greater access to the US market, which has helped to boost economic growth and create jobs. The FTA has also encouraged foreign investment in Peru, which has facilitated the development of new industries and increased the country`s competitiveness on the global stage. Furthermore, the provisions for labor and environmental protection have helped to improve working conditions and promote sustainable development in Peru.

For the United States, the Peru-US FTA has opened up new markets for American businesses, which has boosted exports and created jobs. The agreement has also provided greater access to Peruvian goods and services, which has helped to reduce costs and increase competitiveness for US firms. Additionally, the FTA has strengthened ties between the two nations, fostering a stronger partnership and promoting greater cooperation on issues of mutual interest.


The Peru-US FTA is a vital agreement that has helped to promote economic growth, increase trade, and strengthen ties between the United States and Peru. The agreement has provided numerous benefits for both countries, including increased access to new markets, improved working conditions, and greater competitiveness. As international trade continues to play a critical role in the global economy, strategic partnerships such as the Peru-US FTA will continue to be important for promoting growth and prosperity around the world.